Signs of ovulation are very important physiological changes that occur before, during and after a woman ovulates. Although, most of these symptoms reveal retrospective results, they as well help you to understand a pattern of changes in your body that are clues to predict the fertile days around which you ovulate.
In a recap, ovulation is the release of a mature egg or more by a dominant follicle from any of the two ovaries of a woman. This release of egg or ovum usually occurs around day 14 of a regular menstrual cycle.
It is therefore crucial, as fertility awareness, for every woman to discover and know when she ovulates whether she's trying to conceive or simply want to avoid unwanted pregnancy naturally.
There are quite a number of ways of finding out when a woman ovulates. The simplest is the calendar method. If you have a fairly regular monthly cycle and have worked-out when your next period is due, you can likewise calculate when your ovulation is due.
Although the length of ovulation varies from woman to woman, most women with regular cycle ovulate about 14days before their next period, whatever the length of menstrual cycle may be.
For instance, if you have a regular 30day cycle, subtract 14 days from your cycle ( 30-14= 16 ), it means you will likely ovulate about 16days after the first day of your next period. Most fertility or ovulation calculator and calendar will help you do this calculation.
Looking at the calendar method, it’s obvious that women with irregular menstrual cycle can not accurately use it to calculate the date they ovulate.
However, there are typical physiological changes that occur before, during and after ovulation that triggers symptoms and signs of ovulation that could be detected and observed to estimate when ovulation is about to occur or already taken place.
Learning to understand and observe these indicative signs of ovulation in your body will help you to naturally maximize your chances of getting pregnant or avoiding pregnancy.
What are the signs of ovulation?
At the point of ovulation, your body temperature goes up with a slight, sharp increase that can be easily detected.
To pin-point ovulation from this sign, you have to measure and keep record of your body temperature for at least 3 months using a basal temperature chart, beginning from the first day of any menstruation.
This temperature must be taken first thing in the morning, after taking about 5-8hours of sleep, preferably before you get out of bed. You can use any standard basal thermometer for this tracking and do not interchange with another type for consistent result.
After about 3 cycles, you will discover that there is a point in your chart every month where you have a sharp increase in temperature (ranging from about 0.2 - 0.6 *F ). If this point of temperature increase is consistent across the 3 months chart, that pin-points the closest days of your ovulation in future months.
This temperature method only indicates when ovulation has occurred and provides you a pattern that you can further interpret.
It is important to let you know that accuracy of the temperature readings can also be affected by conditions such as fever, fatigue, sleepless night, stress, anxiety, work etc.
This observation could be burdensome, if you have difficulty or did not notice a temperature rise and worried, please see your healthcare provider. Remember to take your temperature chart along.
Another more important sign of ovulation result through changes from the cervix of a woman. The cervix is the connector between the uterus (womb) and vagina, which stretches to allow the passage of baby’s head during labor and childbirth.
First, there is cervical fluid or mucus that is noticeable immediately a woman’s menstruation ends. Most women see this sticky vaginal discharge in their pants.
Early or later after menstruation, the secreted mucus from the cervix is usually scanty, sticky, white, yellowish or a cloudy fluid that’s opaque on close observation and sometimes your cervix could be totally dry.
But as ovulation time approaches, the cervix becomes soft and moist producing increasing fluid or mucus that’s thinner, clear and slippery, looking like a transparent raw egg white in color, about the time of ovulation.
This secretion is highest on the day of ovulation and the change has been attributed to the rise in the levels of oestrogen hormone in the body and also been observed to aid the swim of the sperm up through the uterus and fallopian tubes after ejaculation.
If you carry-out self-examination by finger test, using your finger or a tissue to wipe around the opening of your vagina, you’ll bring out a mucus sample out of your privacy. Upon stretching it between two of your fingers, you will notice it stretches up to a few inches before breaking-up.
Second, changes in cervical position or textures also serve as another sign of ovulation. In addition to the scanty and sticky moisture or wetness around the cervix, the cervix is positioned low, hard and closed - easy to reach even by inserting one or two fingers into your vagina during the early period of your cycle, after menstruation. You will notice it is as hard as the end of your nose.
But as ovulation approaches, the cervical fluid increases to peak and the cervix pulls back in, with small opening that’s makes it almost unreachable with finger insert.
Most women can easily observe these cervical changes and the consistency helps you to determine the possible fertile days around which you ovulate.
A survey revealed that one out of every five women feels this kind of ovulating sign. Mittelschmerz is a German word for “mid pain” and it is a feeling like mild aching or twinges of sharp discomfort triggered from the ovary at the point of ovulation.
Ovulation pain is usually noticed on a side of lower abdomen because of the egg bursting out of the follicle to move into the fallopian tube at the point of ovulation or when the follicle’s growth is stretching the ovary in readiness for ovulation. Whether you feel it on the edge to the right or left is determined by the side of the ovaries that released the egg.
Ovulation pain or abdominal cramps ( Mittelschmerz ) is one of the popular signs of ovulation, that naturally signal ovulation time for many women. It can occur just before, during and after ovulation and last from hours up to a couple of days. You should take note of it in your ovulation record.
Sometimes, the rupture of dominant ovarian follicle when it releases egg may cause slight bleeding with a little trace of pinkish or brownish blood, which mostly shows in your cervical mucus.
this bleeding is one of the most difficult signs of ovulation to detect and when this happens, it’s called spotting and thus categorized as a secondary sign of ovulation.
Quite a number of women experience increased libido at the time of ovulation. It is natural to have orgy for sex and be attractive as your body is always being prepared for pregnancy along with the process of ovulation.
This kind of spontaneous desire for sex and affection is most likely about the time you ovulate. There’s biological evidence that confirms this sign.
After a woman ovulates the increase in progesterone hormonal secretion in her body can influence breast tenderness and sensitivity. This symptom indicates ovulation in retrospect. In other words, some women observe this sign to know they’ve ovulated.
These signs of ovulation will help you to track your fertile days, though learning to understand and observe them may seem burdensome and difficult.
However, it’s very crucial for you to know your ovulation time as close as possible. It’s all about knowing yourself more intimately and enhancing your fertility awareness.
If you’re not experiencing any of the signs of ovulation discussed above, don’t worry; many women ovulate quite normally without indicative signs. Remember, there are no “almighty rules” to having a baby. Every woman is unique in herself.