Pregnancy nausea refers to a typical morning sickness, which is the hallmark symptom of pregnancy. Nausea is a peculiar first trimester symptom that greatly affects the overall well-being of expecting moms. It doesn’t make you to be your normal self – it’s one of the early signs of pregnancy that help announce your pregnancy to those around you.
Although pregnancy related nausea is a common occurrence in almost all pregnancy but the trend of its occurrence vary among different moms at different times. Sometimes the nausea occurs with vomiting and sometimes it occurs without vomiting. In some moms its occurrence is occasional, while for others it’s every morning affair. This is why it’s popularly referred as “morning sickness” even though it can occur at any time of the day.
The cause of pregnancy nausea during pregnancy isn’t really clear but it’s believed to be mostly triggered by biochemical imbalance due to increased secretions of pregnancy hormones or rise in hCG. It often comes along with vomiting.
Other possible explanation of nausea is the changes in functioning of esophageal sphincter due to pregnancy related hormones. Under the influence of pregnancy hormones, the rate of metabolism decreases, digestion process takes longer and as such any movement aggravates nausea and vomiting.
Usually the occurrence of mild to moderate nausea during pregnancy is considered normal. This form of nausea usually disappears on its own between pregnancy week 12 and 14. If it becomes prolonged and more frequent, it should be taken seriously and treated promptly.
There are certain factors that increase the severity of pregnancy nausea and vomiting. These include:
Apart from the above factors, most expecting moms who had nausea in previous pregnancies are prone to develop more intense symptoms of nausea or morning sickness. As well, first time pregnant moms usually experience nausea and vomiting.
If nausea during pregnancy is well controlled, it won’t affect the progression of your pregnancy or your baby. However, if the nausea interferes with your nutrition or your body salts (due to loss of nutrients from your body), the risk of pre-term delivery and low baby birth weight is fairly high.
Yes, every expecting mom feels discomfort from nausea when it occurs. In order to overcome nausea, it’s advised you basically tweak your diet and lifestyle even though different people cope with nausea in different ways.
There are no approved medications for treating nausea and vomiting because it occurs at the earliest period in pregnancy – a formative period that must not be interfered by any medication. However, you may find these suggestions helpful in alleviating nausea while pregnant:
Pregnancy nausea conventionally includes both nausea and vomiting in almost all cases; rarely does nausea occur in isolation.
There is a more severe form of nausea that is called hyperemesis gravidarum; it’s characterized with severe vomiting which results in dehydration, loss of nutrients, body weight and extreme weakness. This condition becomes so severe that a hospital treatment may be unavoidable.
Although nausea during pregnancy isn't a serious or life-threatening condition in vast majority of cases, it won’t possibly require any treatment or therapy until:
There are certain medications such as metoclopramide ( Reglan) and ondansetron (Zofran) which can help to relieve nausea during pregnancy. In the event of severe nausea and vomiting, intravenous fluids and antinausea medications may be administered.
In any such situation, various options are available to counteract nausea in pregnancy. Acupuncture, acupressure wristbands, ginger among other alternative treatments have been suggested as tricks for alleviating nausea . However you must consult with your healthcare provider on the best suited option for you to deal with pregnancy nausea with or without vomiting.