Experience of pain during pregnancy may just be a trivial symptom due to excessive weight gain or an indicator of some pregnancy-related health problems. Sometimes pregnancy pain is considered normal, such as the later part of third trimester in build-up to labor and childbirth.
However, constant nagging pain may be a sign of complication especially in early months of pregnancy. This must be checked appropriately by your healthcare provider in good time to prevent any possible danger to both the growing baby and mom.
In case of such complication, associated risks will be directly proportional to the cause, duration, severity and location of the pregnancy pain.
Low back pain in pregnancy is a common symptom in later months of pregnancy due to excessive weight gain during pregnancy and shift of normal body equilibrium or balance.
Pregnancy low back pain is also felt because of the pregnancy hormonal influence that tends to loosen the ligaments of a pregnant woman in build-up to the time of labor and childbirth. However, this experience may turn-out to be a severe excruciating pain in some expecting moms, making some sort of therapy necessary to alleviate it.
Another common pregnancy pain is leg or lower back pain on sciatic nerve, a nerve from behind the uterus in the pelvis to the legs, is referred to as sciatic-nerve pain or sciatica. This is a kind of excruciating pain usually felt around the buttocks and a shooting pain in your legs during pregnancy.
The pressure exerted by the expanding uterus on your large blood vessels or pressure by your baby’s head on the sciatic nerves are believed to be primary causes of sciatic nerve pain.
Early exercise in pregnancy, posture adjustment and heat application to the affected painful areas are common treatments for alleviating sciatic nerve pain during pregnancy.
Low back pain in pregnancy is also a common symptom in a variety of pelvic infections during pregnancy such as yeast or bacterial infections. In such case of infection, low back pain will likely be associated with mild to moderate abdominal or flank pain and vaginal discharge.
There may be some rare causes of abdominal pain during pregnancy such as miscarriage or abortion. In any such case, the abdominal pain is not only progressive and severe in intensity but also associated with vaginal bleeding or passage of fetal tissues.
Other causes may be abdominal infection or indigestion, in which abdominal pregnancy pain is associated with loose stools or diarrhea and other complaints of indigestion, including cases of chronic constipation and gas bloating.
Pain during pregnancy may affect the health of the expecting mom by causing stress or discomfort; restricting normal physical activities.
In rare occasions, pain due to any serious medical problem or health issue like separation of a small part of placenta or miscarriage could put fetal life and health at risk.
You must see your doctor if the pregnancy pain is getting worse or begin to interfere with your normal daily activities.
Moreover, if your pregnancy pain is associated with other side-effects or dangerous symptoms like peri-vaginal bleeding, changes in blood pressure, passage of fetal tissues or passage of clear copious water (which is a sign of rupture of water-bags that marks the onset of labor) you must see your healthcare provider as soon as possible.
If pain during pregnancy is due to minor gastric ailments like constipation or gas, it responds very well to dietary modification. For severe pregnancy pain however, seek the advice of your doctor to ascertain any possible risk it may present.
Importantly, most pregnancy low back pain responds to pain relief medications but excessive intake of pain-killers is not safe during pregnancy.
Besides dietary adjustment, pain medication and bed rest, physiotherapy or complimentary alternative therapy is also reported an effective option for alleviating pain during pregnancy without affecting fetal or maternal health.