Ovulation is the event that sets the pace for every woman to get pregnant. It is simply the monthly release of an egg or ovum from any of the two ovaries, usually triggered by luteinizing hormone (LH). The egg subsequently travels down the fallopian tube through to the uterus, popularly known as the womb.
Two things happen during this cycle and knowing these will help you understand the process more clearly. The first result when a woman ovulates is the monthly menstruation.
To Get Pregnant: Waylay the Egg and take advantage of Ovulation
The most fertile days of a woman is about the time she ovulates. It’s
clear that the game is simply about timing. During sexual intercourse,
semen is released into the woman’s vagina through ejaculation and some
sperm begin to travel-up through the cervix.
The cervix becomes thinner at the time of ovulation and so, sperm is able to swim through the cervix more freely.
The sperm flows into the uterus and travels-up via uterine cavity into the fallopian tube. It is within the Fallopian tube that “Mr Sperm meets Mrs Egg”, as it were. I mean, the fallopian tube is where the sperm joins with the ovulated egg and fertilizes it.
Finally, the fertilized egg moves slowly through the fallopian tube, growing as it travels down into the womb (uterus). When the fertilized egg gets into the womb, it implants itself firmly to the already thickened lining of the uterus. It usually takes up to 2 weeks from fertilization to implantation in the womb.
Eureka! Conception has occurred at this point and the egg is now growing into embryo.
The thickened lining of the womb will not shed this time, as against what happens when the egg is unfertilized. Here, the woman misses her menstruation - period!
Some suggested that a couple trying for a baby should have sex every two to three days throughout the month. Guess work!
But we think otherwise. There is a clear difference between sex for fun and sex for a baby. Rather, couples should play smarter, by the rules of the game and timing is the rule. You should take out guess-work and get it right.
Therefore, you must align the time of ovulation with the time you will have sex to deposit sperm into the woman.
If you want to be pregnant, the best time to make love is around the time you ovulate. It is ideal if you have sex between 12-24hours before you ovulate, to give time for the sperm to travel up into the fallopian tubes, waiting for the egg. This is very important.
Typically, ovulation occurs about 14 days into the menstrual cycle, estimated 10 to 16 days before the start of another menstruation. You calculate menstrual cycle from the first day of one period up to the day preceding the next period.
It is widely thought that most women have between 15 to 25 percent chances of getting pregnant during their ovulatory cycles. Though the length of menstrual cycle can vary from woman to woman, it lasts about 28 days for most women.
If fertilization must take place, it must be within the estimated short period of 24hours that the egg will be actively alive. Chances of conception can be increased since sperm could be introduced to waylay the egg a few days before ovulation.
As a general advice, couples trying to conceive should begin to have sex from about 4 days before the woman expects to ovulate through to about 2days after ovulation has taken place. This will greatly increase the chances for conception. All techniques to aid conception revolve around the general process of conception explained above.
In this section, you'll learn how to calculate the date you ovulate, using our ovulation calculator and calendar method.
PregnancyMama explains the signs you should notice before, during and after ovulating, which can help to detect likely days to ovulate despite irregular menstrual cycle.
We also cover various topics on stimulating ovaries, bleeding and abdominal pains, treating fertility disorders, In Vitro Fertilization, Clomid induction, how to use devices such as Ovulation Prediction Kit (OPK) and Fertility Monitors.